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Reductions in Speech

English speakers often shorten sounds and/or words in their speech. This is called REDUCTION. The words that are generally reduced are function words that don’t carry much meaning, such as pronouns (he, she, his, her, them), articles (a, an, the) and prepositions (in, to). 
Below is just a short list of some of the more common reduced words.
  1. going to = gonna / I’m gonna buy that new car.
  2. how about = howbout / Howbout eating at Joe’s?
  3. him = ‘im / Couldya give’im this book?
  4. her = ‘er / Tell’er we’ll be back tomorrow.
  5. did you = didya / Didya go last night?
  6. have to = hafta / You hafta pay your bills.
  7. has to = hasta / She hasta taken the test yet.
  8. what do you = whatcha / Whatcha think about the new teacher?
  9. what did you = whadya / Whadya do last night?
  10. want to = wanna / Doya wanna go shopping tomorrow?

Because these words don’t carry as much meaning as content words, don’t worry if you don’t understand all of them.  It is more important for you just to know they are there then to learn all of them.  In time you will understand more and more and be able to even use them in your speech.

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