Watch for new changes in 2020!

Expressing Cause and Effect

Useful Transitions for Expressing Cause

When introducing a noun phrase that will express cause, use as a result of, or because of.

  • As the a result of global warming, many regions are experiencing heavier rainfall.
  • Many regions are experiencing heavier rainfall as the a result of global warming.
  • Because of the extreme weather conditions, all flights in the Northeast have been canceled.
  • All flights in the Northeast have been canceled because of the extreme weather conditions.

Useful Transitions for Expressing Effect

Introduce effects using such words as consequently, therefore, or as a results.

  • Manufactures have been using GMO foods more and more; consequently, the cases of food allergies have been increasing.
  • All flights have been cancelled. Therefore, passengers must rebook their flights.
  • In the 2009 economic recession many companies laid off workers.  As a result, the unemployment rate increased dramatically.

See Cause and Effect Essays

Richard Carrigan

Richard Carrigan has been an educator for over 30 years. He has experience teaching professional and academic English. He earned his graduate degree from Shenandoah University.

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