In question 5, you will compare two views, and then agree with one side or the other.

While in your answer you must write on both sides, you must also state clearly which side you agree with. After you have made your statement, you will need to support your answer with clear details and examples.

A compare and contrast essay is used to examine similarities and differences between two placespeople or ideas. Writing a compare and contrast essay helps us understand the two items in a new light.

Introduction

The first paragraph introduces the subject to be compared or contrasted and gives background information to help readers understand the topic. Then the thesis statement contain the two topics that are being compared, and the points of comparison.

Thesis Statements

In the first example below, apples and oranges are the two topics being compared.  Where they are grown and how they are used are the two points of comparison.  In the following examples taste, smell, and texture are the points of comparison.

Note that a compare and contrast thesis statement can have two sentences.  The first one with the two topics and the second one with the points of comparison.

  • Apples and oranges are different (similar) in two fundamental ways; where they are grown and how they are used.
  • Apples and oranges differ in three ways.  They have unique tastes, smells, and textures.
  • Apples and oranges have both similarities and differences.  While they are grown and used in similar ways, they are distinct in taste, smell, and texture.
  • While apples and oranges are similar in where they are grown and how they are used, they differ in taste and texture.

Organization

A compare and contrast essay is generally organized in one of two ways.  We can use the point-by-point method, or we can use the block method.

Block Method

  1. Introduction: Apples and oranges are different (similar) in two fundamental ways; where they are grown and how they are used.
  2. Body Paragraph 1: Apples
    1. Where they are grown
    2. How they are used
  3. Body Paragraph 2: Oranges
    1. Where they are grown
    2. How they are used
  4. Conclusion

Point-by-Point Method

  1. Introduction: Apples and oranges are different (similar) in two fundamental ways; where they are grown and how they are used.
  2. Body Paragraph 1: Where they are grown
    1. Apples
    2. Oranges
  3. Body Paragraph 2: How they are used
    1. Apples
    2. Oranges
  4. Conclusion

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