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principle or principal

Question: What is the difference between principle and principal?

We use the word principle when we talk about a fundamental, or basic truth.  It generally refers to natural laws; the way things operate.

  • The more we understand the principles (n) of language learning, the better we learn a language.
  • The more we live by the principles (n) of health, the healthier we become.
  • Students learn about the principles (n) of gravity in school.
  • He is a man of principles (Someone who is generally morally correct).

We use the word principal when we talk about something or someone first in importance.

  • The person in authority at a school is referred to as the principal (n).
  • The most important resources of a country are referred to as the principal (adj) resources.

The word principal (n) is also used to refer to money we owe to a bank and pay interest on.

  • If we pay extra money every month on our loan, it goes toward the principal.
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implicit or explicit

Implicit and Explicit are often confused as to which one to use.

Implicit means something that is generally understood, but not clearly stated. It is implied.  For example: They had an implicit agreement that the last person to leave the office would turn off the lights.  In other words, they never talked about it, but they understood it.

Implicit can also mean absolute or without doubt, no questions, as in, “I have implicit trust in the quality of their work.”


  • implicit understanding
  • implicit trust
  • implicit criticism
  • implicit biases

Explicit on the other hand means something that is stated clearly, in such a way that there is no misunderstanding.  For example: When giving directions teachers should always be explicit and to the point.


  • explicit directions
  • explicit threats
  • explicit understanding
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complement or compliment

Both complement and compliment are pronounced the same, however, they have different meanings.  Complement means to add to something; to improve it or make it better. Whereas, compliment means to say something nice to or about someone.


  • The music complemented the program. The music added to the program.
  • Your tie complements your suit. The tie makes the suit look better.
  • This picture of Mount Shasta would be a good complement to your office. Your office would look better with that picture.


  • The manager complimented her for her outstanding work. The manager said something nice about the women’s work.
  • That teacher often receives compliments on the way she treats people. People say nice things about how that teacher treats others.
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Transmit means to pass from one place or person to another, to send or broadcast, or even to pass on.

We transmit:

  • radio and TV signals
  • data
  • information
  • diseases
  • sound
  • knowledge
  • emotions


  • The radio station transmits family programming twenty-four hours a day.
  • Infectious diseases can be transmitted by touch.
  • Knowledge is often transmitted in the classroom from teacher to students.
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  1. Come before something in time
  2. Come before in order or position
  3. Go before someone or something

Understanding precede (verb)

  • Page 1 comes before page 2.
  • Page 1 precedes page 2.
  • Sunday precedes Monday.
  • Much practice precedes a concert.
  • When they boarded the airplane, his family preceded him.

Understanding preceding (adjective)

  • preceding page
  • preceding day
  • preceding year
  • Please read page twenty-two and the preceding page in your textbook.
  • They had been studying since the preceding day.
  • Preceding the trial, there had been much discussion in the news.
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How to paraphrase

A Beginner’s Method of Paraphrasing
When we write an essay, we often need to borrow ideas or concepts from other writers to support our position. One way we do this is by paraphrasing; putting someone else’s ideas into our own words.
To avoid plagiarizing we need to always include proper  citation – giving credit to the rightful owner.

How to write a paraphrase

        • Read the original passage to understand it fully
        • Rewrite the passage in your own words
          • First change verbs
          • Next change grammar
          • Use synonyms
        • Check your paraphrase for accuracy with the original
        • For APA in-text citation include author’s last name and date
        • For MLA in-text citation include author’s last name and page number


Original: Many international students come to the United States each year to learn English.

First change the verbs: Many international students travel to the United States each year to study English.

Next change the grammar: Every year students travel to the United States from many different countries to study English.

NoteStudents,countries, The United States and English are common knowledge, so they do not need to be changed.