Tutorial Library

ONLINE TUTORIALS designed to help non-native speakers of English understand and master academic reading and writing skills.

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How to Write Essays

We write to solve problems, to argue a position, to reason from cause to effect, to compare two things, to express opinions, or just to summarize.  For whatever reason, if we want to be effective, we need to learn the organization and structure of each type of essay.

Below is a list of tutorials discussing the ins-and-outs of each type of essay.

How to Write a Problem-Solution Essay

A Problem-Solution Essay discusses a problem, and then provides a plan for its solution.  We often use this type of essay when we what to persuade others that we have a better idea, or a better plan.

How to Write a Cause and Effect Essay

Cause and Effect Essays give reasons why something happened. They explain either the situations or actions that caused something to happen, or they explain the effects from something that happened.

How to Write a Compare / Contrast Essay

compare and contrast essay is used to examine similarities and differences between two placespeople or ideas. Writing a compare and contrast essay helps us understand two items from a new perspective.

How to Write an Opinion Essay

In an opinion essay the writer attempts to persuade readers that their opinion on a certain controversial subject is correct.

How to Write an Argumentative Essay

The argumentative essay expresses an opinion for or against a controversial issue. As the writer, you must establish your position and persuade your readers to agree with you by using strong persuasive language.

How to Write a Summary / Response

A summary is a collection of main points and major supporting details of a reading passage. A response is the reader’s evaluation of a passage.

How to Paraphrase

We often need to borrow an idea or concept from an author to support our position. One way we do this is by paraphrasing; putting someone else’s ideas into our own words.

How to Write a Summary

Summarizing information is an important part of your educational experience. It not only helps you understand passages and texts more thoroughly, but it also helps you condense and convey important information to others.

One-Paragraph Summary

Assignment: Read the article on “School Uniforms” by Hannah Boyd, and then write a one-paragraph summary.

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Because an opinion is a view that is not generally based on fact or knowledge, it is important for you, the writer, to give solid reasons for your opinion. Once you have stated your opinion in your thesis statement, you will need to support it with explanations, facts, or experiences. Explanations You will not be… Read More

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Download Quiz English speakers often shorten sounds and/or words in their speech. This is called REDUCTION. The words that are generally reduced are function words that don’t carry much meaning, such as pronouns (he, she, his, her, them), articles (a, an, the) and prepositions (in, to). Listen to the audio below as you read the sentences. … Read More

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One of the secrets to writing an effective essay is to be organized in your approach.  Use the following steps as a guideline to writing your next essay. Understand the topic Read and annotate articles Collect quotations and paraphrases on cards Write a clear Thesis Statement with predictors Freewrite, brainstorm, or cluster Outline your essay… Read More

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Download File   Preparing Your Final Draft Due date: ________________________ In preparing your final draft for your essay, you will edit, revise, and rewrite. The first, look at the organization and content of your essay. Make sure your essay has a hook, a thesis statement (topic, controlling idea, three points of development), three body paragraphs with… Read More

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By Richard Carrigan Many years ago in Japan, when I was studying the language, I remember thinking to myself that no one could really speak this language at home. Certainly they must speak English when they relax. After all, for me English was my mother tongue and came easily, but this Japanese was hard. So… Read More

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In our last video we talked about the most important reading skill – finding the main idea. In this video, we are going to talk about the second most important reading skill – finding supporting details. In other words, finding the information a writer uses to support their main idea. Read More

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